Bibliography And Resources
There has been a lot of information recorded about
the Kamilaroi people and their language. Much of the
information is either unpublished, or difficult to get hold of. The
following is a list of information sources for Gamilaraay language
studies. Most items are available from AIATSIS:
AIATSIS also has tape recorded material collected over the past
Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander
GPO Box 553
Canberra ACT 2601
Older published sources
Most older materials are difficult to use because they
do not use a consistent spelling system, and they mix
words from different languages. The most valuable are Rev.
William Ridley's book and articles by R.H. Mathews.
Recently published materials
- Curr, E.M. 1887. The Australian Race. Melbourne:
Government Printer (Gamilaraay vocabularies from several places
in the north-west)
- Fison, L. and A.W. Howitt. 1880. Kamilaroi and Kurnai.
- Greenway, Rev. C.C. 1910. The Kamilari Tribe. Science of
Man Vol 2 No. 9, pp 217-218
- Howitt, A.W. 1904. Native Tribes of South East Australia.
- Mathews, R.H. 1903. Language of the Kamilaroi and other
Aboriginal tribes of N.S.W. Journal of the Royal Anthropological
Institute Vol. 33, pp 259-283
- Ridley, Rev. W. 1875. Kamilaroi and other Languages.
Sydney: Government Printer
- Ridley, Rev. W. 1877. Australian Languages and Traditions.
Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of N.S.W. Vol 7,
There have been a few things published on Gamilaraay over
the last twenty years, but no major study of the language. John
Ferry prepared some materials on Gamilaraay culture for use at
Walgett school. There is also Corinne Williams' A Grammar
of Yuwaalaraay. This is about the old form of the languages
called Yuwaalaraay and Yuwaaliyaay that used to be spoken to
the west of Gamilaraay. Those languages are quite similar to old
Gamilaraay. There are also brief word lists in Nils Holmer's
Linguistic Survey of South-Eastern Queensland, and Kay
Kneale's A Mee Mee's Memories. Mrs Kneale's book also
has lots of valuable information about traditional plants, foods and
medicines, as well as some stories. The traditional story of Emu
and Turkey in Gamilaraay has been published by Austin and
- Austin, P. 1993. A Reference Dictionary of
Gamilaraay, northern New South Wales. Bundoora, Vic: La Trobe University
Department of Linguistics [the basis of this Web dictionary]
- Austin, P. 1986. Structural change in language obsolescence:
some eastern Australian examples. Australian Journal of
Linguistics, Vol 6, pp 201-230
- Austin, P., C. Williams and S.A. Wurm. 1980. The linguistic
situation in north central New South Wales. In B. Rigsby and P.
Sutton (eds) Papers in Australian linguistics No. 13: Contributions
of Australian linguistics, 167-180. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics
- Austin, P. and N.B. Tindale. 1986. Emu and brolga, a
Kamilaroi myth. Aboriginal History, Vol. 9, pp 8-21
- Ferry, J. 1978. Kamilaroi. Sydney: Hodder and Stoughton
- Ferry, J. 1982. Kamilaroi Culture Kits. D.C.A.P.
- Holmer, N.M. 1983. Linguistic Survey of South-Eastern
Queensland. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics D54 (pp 438-455 on
"Jualrai" contains many Gamilaraay words)
- Howell, R. 1982. The history and culture of the Aboriginal
people of the Ashford district. Sydney: Government Printer
(funded by N.S.W. Department of Education Multicultural
Education Co-ordinating Committee)
- Williams, C.J. 1980. A grammar of Yuwaalaraay. Canberra:
Pacific Linguistics B74.
Reference books for birds and
- Cayley, Neville W. 1984 What bird is that? Sydney: Angus
and Robertson [revised edition edited by Terence R. Lindsey]
- Frauca, Harry 1982 What animal is that? Sydney: Doubleday.
- Ride, W.D.L. 1970 A guide to the native mammals of
Australia Melbourne: Oxford University Press