What’s new

August 2016 update

Another 75 items have been added to the Virtual Library, bringing the total number of items to over 500, representing over 150 languages ... read more

How to use this Virtual Library

To find a resource, use search, or choose a state, language or category on the left (see Help for more information).

Or: find items by year of first listing in this Virtual Library:

Update 2024

This site is no longer current and is not being updated. Since 2016, happily, the number of online sources of knowledge about Australian Indigenous languages exploded in number and diversity of sources, especially from Indigenous organisations and individuals. As a result, it became impossible to keep ALoA up to date. It is no longer a key resource.

As the main web portal for Australian Aboriginal languages on the web (part of Tim Berners-Lee’s official W3C Virtual Library (now defunct at https://www.vlib.org/ - see its history) this site provided summaries, guidance and links to quality resources on Aboriginal languages, especially those produced from communities and by community members. It was listed in most of the major international libraries and other institutions as a key site for Australian languages, and attracted over 500,000 hits a year.

Approximately half of the linked sites still exist and the site’s back-end database remains valuable because it contains data which tracks 20 years of the emergence, expansion and changes in the online presence of Australian First Nations languages from the birth of the web.


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Aboriginal English [aus-x-aeq]
Source: Diana Eades
Background issues, vocab, sounds, grammar etc.
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Source: Australian Council of TESOL Associations
Various resources and research aimed at improving educational outcomes through focus on the interface between Aboriginal English and ESL (English as a Second Language).
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Source: VACL
Useful one-pager documents about topics including language revival, protocol, linguistic terminology, spelling and pronunciation, and Koorie English.
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Source: The Victorian Aboriginal Education Association (VAEAI)
The protocols outline principles and procedures for the Victorian education sector to respect Koorie communities in setting up curricula and teaching, including languages, and with particular attention to respecting and understanding Koorie English.
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Source: Farzad Sharifian / Adriano Truscott / Patricia Konigsberg / Ian G Malcolm / Glenys Collard / WA Department of Education
Detailed report of a project exploring ways in which Aboriginal-English speaking students (mis)understand school-based literacy materials written in Standard Australian English. Includes many useful examples and resources. [PDF, 118 pages]
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